A citrus juicer is designed specifically to extract juice from citrus fruits such as grapefruits, oranges, lemons, and limes. It acts as a reamer, forcing the juice and some of the pulp from half pieces of citrus fruits, which are pressed onto the top of the reamer.
Vegetable juice extractors are not designed to perform this function, as they take the entire vegetable and grind it into pulp. The rind or skin of citrus fruit, though edible, is generally very bitter and not desired in juice. However, the zest, or the very thin outside layer of the skin is sometimes used in recipes as flavoring.
Why fresh juice? The fresher the juice the more beneficial the nutrients it contains. Most bottled juices go through a pasteurization process that causes some degradation in the vitamins provided. Even so, this pasteurization process is essential for products that have to be preserved for long periods. When juice is made using a juicer, the sooner it is consumed the better, within a day or two is ideal.
Consuming citrus fruits is a very healthy activity. The juice from a single orange, for example, contains over 100% of the daily requirements for vitamin C. It also has fiber, folate, thiamin, potassium, vitamin A, and calcium, while containing only 61 calories.1
Vitamin C has many benefits for the human body. It acts as an antioxidant and is known to help reduce the risk of cancer. It also acts to reduce inflammation, which can damage cells. Vitamin C reduces the build-up of plaque in the arteries by preventing the oxidization of free radicals (a condition which can cause strokes and heart attacks). Citrus juices contain limonins which are powerful anti-carcinogens.
Electric citrus juicers are designed with a ridged cone that spins when pressure is applied to it. The citrus to be juiced is cut in half so that the navel is on one side. (The slice is across the grain.) The open part is pressed on to the cone, which spins, and reams out the fruit. The juice streams down the side of the cone into a container below. The remaining rind is discarded.
There are many manufacturers of citrus juicers. Black and Decker, the renown maker of power tools makes a standard appliance that does a good job at a reasonable price. Because the cone and juicing unit are separate from the motor it is pretty easy to clean. This citrus juicer is slightly under-powered for large applications. It also may have durability issues.
A step up from the Black and Decker is the Tribest Citristar Electric Citrus Juicer. It is relatively easy to clean and comes with some stainless steel parts. It has a universal reamer, by which is meant that it can handle all sizes of citrus fruit. It gets good reviews, and has a good reputation for durability.
Probably the best to be found is the Breville 800CPXL Die-Cast Stainless-Steel Motorized Citrus Press. The entire housing is made from stainless steel. This makes it durable, attractive, and relatively easy to keep clean. It has a powerful and durable motor. The reaming device is highly efficient. Clean up is not a chore, taking on average, about 2 minutes. Breville is well-known for engineering quality juicers of every kind, and their citrus juicer is no exception.
A manual commercial juicer is available from Jupiter at a fairly reasonable price. This machine does not have a motor and does not require electricity. It does require a bit of strength applied to the lever. This method is actually faster than an electric juicer, and the cleanup relatively easy.
- WHFoods on Oranges